Kobe, Japan, 2020.08.03 – Sysmex Corporation (Chairman and CEO: Hisashi letsugu) announced today that it has received approval for insurance coverage for blood-based RAS gene mutation testing for colorectal cancer using the OncoBEAM™ RAS CRC Kit. The coverage went into effect on August 1, 2020.
With this regulatory approval, even when it is difficult to obtain in vivo diagnostics (biopsy) on a sample taken from tumor tissue, RAS gene mutation testing using the kit may be performed with a minimal physical and mental burden on patients when it is necessary, owing to the fact that it uses the patient’s blood as a sample. This will have the effect of optimizing decisions on the administration of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs. Receipt of insurance coverage will also make it possible for us to provide more patients with testing to allow physicians to select an appropriate treatment method.
Currently, at the beginning of therapy, colorectal cancer patients treated with medication undergo RAS gene mutation testing using tumor tissue, the results of which inform a decision on whether or not to administer anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs. Several studies have reported that re-challenge of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs is an effective treatment method for patients with recurrent colorectal cancer after treatment by anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs, and that the RAS gene mutation status may change by the time of re-challenge from what it was in initial therapy. The relevant guidance published by the Japanese Society of Medical Oncology indicates that it is desirable to assess the gene mutation status several times over time to make appropriate re-challenge decisions based on the state at the time of relapse. As such, much has been expected from a practical application of liquid biopsy, which checks the RAS gene mutation status using the patient’s blood samples when biopsy may not be performed easily.
The OncoBEAM™ RAS CRC Kit is used to test samples of tumor-derived DNA (circulating tumor DNA, or ctDNA) suspended in the blood of colorectal cancer patients. Using BEAMing technology, the kit detects RAS gene mutations with a high degree of sensitivity (mutant allele frequency of no more than 1% in approximately 30% of mutation cases thus detected). As the first colorectal cancer liquid biopsy testing in Japan that provides auxiliary test data to determine the appropriateness of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs – Cetuximab and Panitumumab (gene recombination) – for patients with colorectal cancer, this product was approved as an in vitro diagnostic reagent in July 2019 and was covered under health insurance from August 1, 2020. Please note that an insurance-covered assay service for colorectal cancer using this product is also due to start in August 2020.
Performance of RAS gene mutation testing when it is necessary and with a minimal physical and mental burden on patients for whom biopsy is challenging to perform is expected to optimize the administration of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody drugs. On the other hand, there is a possibility that this testing may deem patients whose ctDNA is not sufficiently leaked into the blood to have wild-type RAS, even though RAS gene mutation exists in tumor tissue. For patients with lung metastasis only, it is particularly necessary to prioritize testing using tumor tissue. Sysmex will remain committed to the provision of scientific information so that medical institutions may perform testing properly.
Going forward, Sysmex will continue to contribute to the advancement of personalized medicine by working on expanding testing opportunities for patients and providing testing and diagnostic technologies with high diagnostic value.
- “Sysmex Obtains First Manufacturing and Marketing Approval in Japan for Blood-Based RAS Gene Mutation Testing for Colorectal Cancer,” released on August 2, 2019
- “Sysmex Presents Academic Report Related to the Clinical Utility of RAS Gene Mutation Testing for Colorectal Cancer Using Liquid Biopsy – Details of Report on Clinical Utility of OncoBEAM™ RAS CRC Kit presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers
Symposium 2020 (ASCO-GI 2020),” released on March 5, 2020